Steven Woloshen (born 1960) in Montreal, is a film animator and a pioneer of drawn on film animation.
Woloshen first attended Vanier College, where he worked with Super-8 film and video, then specialized in 16 mm independent film techniques at Concordia University in Montreal. He has since created animated and experimental films, which have been shown at screenings and festivals around the world.
Working in camera-less animation since 1982, Woloshen has used scratches and lacerations on film to create emotional content.
Woloshen is a Montrea]-based camera-less animator who has been making films since the late ‘70’s. He studied film at Concordia, where he initially made documentaries and collage films, but the freedom and accessibility of scratch animation won him over. Since 1999 he has worked exclusively in 35mm CinemaScope, an oddity in the independent film world that is made possible by his otherwise thrifty means of production. His works have screened worldwide at festivals including the Montreal World Film Festival, Tampere International Short Film Festival, Annecy Animated Film Festival, Ottawa International Animation Festival, and I Castelli Animati in Rome.
Woloshen is heavily inspired by music, particularly jazz, and has made numerous short abstract works in which the images are created in synchronization to a music track. While most of his films are exuberantly colored, MeMeMaMa (2000) is done in spare black and white. White scratches resembling rubbings, chalk drawings or electronic static jitter across a black background, matched to the driving beat of a techno music piece. Bru Ha Ha! (2002) takes a piece by Erik Satie and translates it into abstract imagery. The deep, masculine sound of a tuba appears in blocky shapes of colour, contrasted with delicate white squiggles corresponding to a woman singing. The tuba and voice play off each other as if in conversation, male and female. Dave Brubeck’s jazz classic “Take Five” is the inspiration for Cameras Take Five (2002), in which fluid lines represent the saxophone voice, moving over top of color fields of electric blue and green interspersed with playful shapes and doodles. These are vibrant, light-hearted works, which capture the spirit and energy of the music.
As in jazz, improvisation and chance are important aspects of Woloshen’s work. Because his films are self-funded and the tools of his craft (film leader, markers, inks, brushes and craft knives) are readily available, he can seize on an inspiration and act on it immediately. He writes: “I think spontaneous urges and desires are the best part of handmade film making.” Woloshen even constructed a portable scratch box so that he could do scratch animation during breaks on his job as a driver in the feature film industry.
As fun as Woloshen’s musical salutes are, for me the strongest and most satisfying of his films are those which depart somewhat from this method, such as The Babble on Palms (2001) and Two Eastern Hair Lines (2004). The Babble on Palms features various found-footage scenes of everyday life, accompanied by music by Ali Akbar Khan. The outline of a hand appears over all of the scenes, partially blocking our view. The hand is treated with constantly changing decoration such as dots and spirals, and patterns and colours reminiscent of both the solar system and cells under a microscope – the universe is contained in our hand. The film suggests a thread connecting all people, but also the limitations of our viewpoint and the individuality (the “hand print”) that sets us apart.
Two Eastern Hair Lines also employs found footage, and is composed primarily of scenes of two or three people – a man and woman in a room together, two men seated across a desk from one another, a couple seated side-by-side. Parts of the images are framed, blocked out, or painted over, dividing and isolating the figures from each other. Set against a 1939 Chinese recording, “Parting at Yang Kwan,” Two Eastern Hair Lines is full of longing. It reflects on the unbridgeable distance between people and the difficulties of communication. As Woloshen writes in his description, “Sometimes the rifts between us are as wide as rivers, and sometimes as small as hair lines.”
Woloshen was recently the subject of a retrospective screening at Saw Video Gallery, hosted by the Canadian Film Institute. He is also featured in a new anthology on animation, The Sharpest Point: Animation at the End of Cinema, edited by Chris Gehman and Steve Reinke and co-published by YYZ Books, the Ottawa Animation Festival and the Images Festival.
Since his return to filmmaking in 1996, after a hiatus of more than a decade spent working in various capacities in the film industry, Steven Woloshen has been extraordinarily productive, seemingly increasing his output year by year even as he faces the usual obstacles that tend to slow an independent filmmaker’s career (parenthood, the need to earn a living, lack of financing). It’s clear that the years he spent working on film sets and in labs were far from wasted: Woloshen’s work “post-hiatus” is extraordinarily assured compared to his promising films from the 80s, showing enormous progress in aesthetics, graphic technique and understanding of lab processes. (Most of his work now is in 35mm, and often in CinemaScope, an unusual format for this kind of animation.) Since 1999’s Get Happy, it seems, Woloshen has found his rhythm and his method. And happily, following the huge festival success of Ditty Dot Comma (2001) and a subsequent retrospective at the 2002 Ottawa International Animation Festival, his work has been increasingly seen and recognized at festivals, cinematheques and other venues around the world.
His film, Cameras Take Five, was included in the Animation Show of Shows.
Woloshen has self-published a book on his tecniques of camera-less animation: Recipes for reconstruction, with a DVD including nine of his short films.
- 2011 Fiesta Brava (3 minutes, 30 secs., sound, 35mm, animation)
- 2010 The Rosetta Stone (5 minutes, 23 sec., sound, 35mm, experimental)
- 2009 Zero Visibility (2 minutes, Silent, 35mm, experimental)
- 2009 Vista (1 minute, 30 sec., Silent, Beta SP experimental)
- 2009 The Homestead Act (8 minutes, sound/Silent, 35mm, experimental)
- 2009 Playtime (2 minutes, 44 sec., sound, 35mm, animation)
- 2009 Fleeing Rotland (5 minutes, sound, beta SP experimental)
- 2009 Editorial (10 minutes, sound, Beta SP experimental)
- 2008 Scrapbook (1 min., Silent, 35mm, experimental)
- 2008 RH Factor (3 min., 25 sec., sound, 35mm, experimental)
- 2008 Optical Itzak (2 min., 50 sec., sound, 35mm, Animation)
- 2008 La Dolce Vita (2 minutes, sound, 35mm, experimental)
- 2008 Chronicle Reconstructions (3 min., sound, 35mm, experimental)
- 2007 Shimmer Box Drive (3 min.,45 sec., sound, 35mm, animation)
- 2007 A Step by Step Guide to... (30 seconds, silent, super-8, experimental)
- 2006 Phont Cycle (4 min., 20 sec., sound, 35mm, experimental)
- 2006 Changing Evan (1 min. 15 sec., sound, 35mm, animation)
- 2005 The Curse of the Voodoo Child (3 min. 20 sec., sound, 35mm, animation)
- 2005 Rebuttal (2 min., sound, Beta SP, animation)
- 2004 Two Eastern Hair Lines (4 min., sound, 35mm, animation)
- 2004 Shaving Shania (30 sec., silent, 35mm, animation)
- 2004 SNIP (1 min. 30 sec, sound, 35mm, animation)
- 2003 Minuet (1 min., sound, Beta SP, animation)
- 2003 Cameras Take Five (3 min., sound, 35mm, animation)
- 2002 The Babble On Palms (4 min., sound, 35mm, animation)
- 2002 Bru Ha Ha! (2 min., sound, 35mm, animation)
- 2001 The Cave (2 min., silent, 35mm, animation)
- 2001 Ditty Dot Comma (3 min., sound, 35mm, animation)
- 2000 MeMeMaMa (2 min., sound, 35mm, animation)
- 1999 Get Happy (3 min., sound, 35mm, animation)
- 1996 Los Endos (30 sec., silent, 16mm, experimental)
- 1984 Pepper Steak (3 min., sound, 16mm, animation)
- 1984 Love Stinks (loop, silent, 35mm, animation)
- 1983 You’re No Fun... (6 min., sound, 16mm, documentary)
- 1983 Hey Papa Dey (2 min., sound, 16mm, experimental)
- 1983 Didre Novo (2 min.,30 sec., sound, 16mm, animation)
- 1982 Son of Dada (2 min.,30 sec., sound, 16mm, animation)
- 1982 Cat’s Cradle (6 min., sound, 16 mm, animation)
- 1978 Line and Dot (6 min., sound, super-8, animation)
- 1977 Brushstrokes (2 min.,30 sec., sound, super-8, animation)
Awards and Recognition
- 2010 Ottawa Animation festival - Honorable Mention Playtime
- 2010 Jutra Nomination for best Animation: Playtime
- 2009 Incendo Production Scholarship – Concordia University.
- 2008 GBC Asset Management Scholarship - Concordia University
- 2007 Avi and Dora Morrow Fellowship Award - Concordia University
- 2006 Ottawa Animation festival - Honorable Mention ChangingEvan
- 2006 Jutra Nomination for best Animation: The Curseof the Voodoo Child
- 2004 Jutra Nomination for best Animation: TwoEastern Hair Lines
- 2003 I Castelli Animate Film Festival- Best Non - Narrative Short Film: Cameras Take Five
- 2002 Montreal Jewish Student Film Festival: - Best Experimental film: Ditty Dot Comma
- Profile ar The Visual Music Village
- Drawing on film explained at the National Film Board of Canada
- Six films by Steven Woloshen
- "The Unsung Heroes of Animation" by Chris Robinson (animation scholar)
- read AWN review of Changing Evan (2006)
- "Fun With Science" biography by Chris Robinson (animation scholar).
- read "In Search Of The North American Direct Animator - Species and Variants" by Devon Damonte
- National Film Board of Canada's Hothouse 5 project